Diabetes and Fertility

Diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar when you produce too little insulin or it is ineffective. Insulin is a hormone that controls glucose (sugar) levels the body. 

Diabetes may have no cure but it can be managed because prolonged high blood sugar can cause health and fertility problems. 

If you have diabetes, the key is to keep your blood sugar under control because you may be up to 6 weeks pregnant before you know you are pregnant. According to the Mayo Clinic, keep strict control of your blood sugar to reduce the risk miscarriage and birth defects. 

If the diabetes is not well controlled during pregnancy, the baby is exposed to high blood sugar levels. ... Infants who are born to mothers with diabetes are often larger than other babies. Larger infants make vaginal birth harder. This can increase the risk for nerve injuries and other trauma during birth.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

Men with type 1 diabetes may have more DNA damage in their sperm, possibly hampering fertility, a preliminary study shows. The study was small and doesn't prove that type 1 diabetes causes male infertility

If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of: Excessive birth weight. Extra glucose in your bloodstream crosses the placenta, which triggers your baby's pancreas to make extra insulin. This can cause your baby to grow too large (macrosomia)

Women who have diabetes before they get pregnant have special health concerns. In addition to the new demands that a pregnancy will put on your body, it will also affect your blood sugar levels and diabetes medications. If you're thinking about having a baby, take steps to lessen the risks for both you and your child

Women with PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) have higher than normal levels of testosterone (hyperandrogenism). PCOS can affect fertility by leading to irregular periods (oligomenorrhea) or absent periods (secondary amenorrhea). ... PCOS is particularly associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. 

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Mama Kath here...

Hi Ladies, Glucophage a/k/a (also known as) Metformin is a new medication used in disorders relating to blood sugar (a/k/a glucose). Diabetes is a disorder characterized by high blood sugar. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the blood sugar or glucose level. Insulin allows the body to use glucose for energy/storage. Without insulin, the glucose level builds up in the blood and the kidneys filter and expel it into urine. Diabetes Type I individuals require insulin injections. Symptoms of Diabetes I: Excessive urination, great thirst, hunger, vomiting, loss of weight and strength. Diabetes Type II is referred to as Adult Onset Diabetes and in many cases can be controlled by diet and exercise. Okay, so if: Glucose provides energy for the body's cells, but insulin must be present for the body to use glucose. Without insulin, glucose has difficulty entering the cells. To function properly, nerve cells require a continuous supply of glucose. Most importantly when Trying To Conceive, the nerves carry signals that trigger hormone activity. Thus, it would seem to be very important to keep a consistent supply of insulin and glucose available for the nerve cells to function properly and maintain hormone balance. Other things to consider: Recurrent yeast infections may result from high blood sugar because the microorganism that causes a yeast infection flourishes in the presence of glucose. Women with PCOS are very resistant to insulin. Some women require more insulin during the luteal phase the thought is that higher levels of progesterone increase the resistance to insulin (which might explain gestational diabetes). Love Mama Kath 

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*PLEASE NOTE: The information provided on this site is intended to serve only as a supplement to your resources and is in no way to be considered medical advice, medical diagnosis or treatment. Always check with your obstetrician, physician, midwife, or other health care provider before choosing to do or not do any course of action.